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自己用js实现一个Promise

const PENDING = "pending";
const FULFILLED = "fulfilled";
const REJECTED = "rejected";

function myPromise(excutor) {
    let that = this; // 缓存当前promise实例对象
    that.status = PENDING; // 初始状态
    that.value = undefined; // fulfilled状态时 返回的信息
    that.reason = undefined; // rejected状态时 拒绝的原因
    that.onFulfilledCallbacks = []; // 存储fulfilled状态对应的onFulfilled函数
    that.onRejectedCallbacks = []; // 存储rejected状态对应的onRejected函数

    function resolve(value) { // value成功态时接收的终值
        if(value instanceof myPromise) {
            return value.then(resolve, reject);
        }
        // 实践中要确保 onFulfilled 和 onRejected 方法异步执行,且应该在 then 方法被调用的那一轮事件循环之后的新执行栈中执行。
        setTimeout(() => {
            // 调用resolve 回调对应onFulfilled函数
            if (that.status === PENDING) {
                // 只能由pending状态 => fulfilled状态 (避免调用多次resolve reject)
                that.status = FULFILLED;
                that.value = value;
                that.onFulfilledCallbacks.forEach(cb => cb(that.value));
            }
        });
    }
    function reject(reason) { // reason失败态时接收的拒因
        setTimeout(() => {
            // 调用reject 回调对应onRejected函数
            if (that.status === PENDING) {
                // 只能由pending状态 => rejected状态 (避免调用多次resolve reject)
                that.status = REJECTED;
                that.reason = reason;
                that.onRejectedCallbacks.forEach(cb => cb(that.reason));
            }
        });
    }

    // 捕获在excutor执行器中抛出的异常
    // new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    //     throw new Error('error in excutor')
    // })
    try {
        excutor(resolve, reject);
    } catch (e) {
        reject(e);
    }
}

myPromise.prototype.then = function(onFulfilled, onRejected) {
    const that = this;
    let newPromise;
    // 处理参数默认值 保证参数后续能够继续执行
    onFulfilled =
        typeof onFulfilled === "function" ? onFulfilled : value => value;
    onRejected =
        typeof onRejected === "function" ? onRejected : reason => {
            throw reason;
        };
    if (that.status === FULFILLED) { // 成功态
        return newPromise = new myPromise((resolve, reject) => {
            setTimeout(() => {
                try{
                    let x = onFulfilled(that.value);
                    resolvePromise(newPromise, x, resolve, reject); // 新的promise resolve 上一个onFulfilled的返回值
                } catch(e) {
                    reject(e); // 捕获前面onFulfilled中抛出的异常 then(onFulfilled, onRejected);
                }
            });
        })
    }

    if (that.status === REJECTED) { // 失败态
        return newPromise = new myPromise((resolve, reject) => {
            setTimeout(() => {
                try {
                    let x = onRejected(that.reason);
                    resolvePromise(newPromise, x, resolve, reject);
                } catch(e) {
                    reject(e);
                }
            });
        });
    }

    if (that.status === PENDING) { // 等待态
        // 当异步调用resolve/rejected时 将onFulfilled/onRejected收集暂存到集合中
        return newPromise = new myPromise((resolve, reject) => {
            that.onFulfilledCallbacks.push((value) => {
                try {
                    let x = onFulfilled(value);
                    resolvePromise(newPromise, x, resolve, reject);
                } catch(e) {
                    reject(e);
                }
            });
            that.onRejectedCallbacks.push((reason) => {
                try {
                    let x = onRejected(reason);
                    resolvePromise(newPromise, x, resolve, reject);
                } catch(e) {
                    reject(e);
                }
            });
        });
    }
};
var p=new myPromise(function(resolve,reject){resolve(1)}).then(e=>console.log(e));
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